Hsu Pangchi
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Pang-chi Hsu, a professor in the School of Atmospheric Science of NUIST. Her research fields include the dynamics of intraseasonal oscillation and its interactions with other weather and climate systems. Based on these findings, she further developed various methods for advancing the extended-range forecast. Some of them were applied to the operational real-time forecast system in the CMA.


  • 2008  Ph.D., National Taiwan Normal University, Major: Atmospheric Science

  • 2001  M.S., National Taiwan Normal University, Major: Atmospheric Science

  • 1999  B.S., National Taiwan Normal University., Major: Erath Science

Research Interests

  • Dynamics of Madden-Julian Oscillation 

  • Scale interaction between intraseasonal oscillation and synoptic-scale disturbances

  • Subseasonal to seasonal prediction 

  • Global monsoon and climate change 

Scientific Work Experience

  • Professor, College of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China, 8/2013–present

  • Distinguished Professor of Jiangsu Province, China, 1/2015–12/2017

  • Postdoctoral Fellow, International Pacific Research Center, SOEST, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 8/2010–7/2013 

  • Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow (sponsored by the National Science Council Postdoctoral Research Abroad Program), International Pacific Research Center, SOEST, University of Hawaii, 8/2009–7/2010

  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Earth Science, National Taiwan Normal University, 8/2008–7/2009

Professional Service

  • Editors of Journal of Meteorological Research and Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letter

  • Review for Nature, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Journal of Climate, Climate Dynamics, Journal of Atmospheric Science, Mon. Wea. Rev., JGR-Atmosphere, Geophy. Res. Lett., Clim. Research, Clim. Change, etc. 

Honors and Awards

  • Distinguished Professor of Jiangsu Province, China, 2015–2017, Department of Education of Jiangsu Province.

  • Award of Top Ten Outstanding Youth Meteorological Scientists, 2014, China Meteorological Administration (CMA).

  • Fellowship of Postdoctoral Research Abroad Program, 2009, National Science Council, Taiwan.

Research Grants

  • Scale Interactions between Tropical Madden-Julian Oscillation and Synoptic-scale Disturbances. PI, National Science Foundation China, 1/1/2014–12/31/2017, ¥820,000 (~$122,000).

  • Multi-scale Interactions in the Tropics. PI, Chinese Ministry of Education, 1/1/2014–12/31/2016, ¥500,000 (~$75,000).

  • Extended-range Forecast of Weather Disasters over the Yangtze-Hui River Basin. PI, Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China, 7/1/2014–6/30/2017, ¥1,000,000  (~$150,000).

  • Dynamics of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation and Its Impacts on East Asian Monsoon. PI, Research Fund for the Distinguished Professor of Jiangsu Province, China, 1/1/2015–12/31/2017, ¥2,000,000 (~$300,000).

  • Dynamics of Intraseasonal Variability over Tropics and Mid-to-high Latitude and Methods for Extended-range Prediction. co-PI, National Basic Research Program (973 Program), 1/1/2015–12/31/2019, ¥1,000,000 (~$150,000).

  • Predictability and Prediction Methods of Extreme Weather Process at the Range of 10~30 Days. PI, National Key Research and Development Program of China, 12/1/2018–11/30/2021, ¥22,290,000 (~$3,200,000).


2021 & In Press

  • Hsu, P.-C., Z. Fu, H. Murakami, J.-Y. Lee, C. Yoo, N. C. Johnson, C.-H. Chang, Y. Liu, 2021: East Antarctic cooling induced by decadal changes in Madden-Julian oscillation during austral summer. Sci. Adv., 7, eabf9903. 【Selected for Cover Image】

  • Hsu, P.-C., K.-C. Chen, C.-H. Tsou, H.-H. Hsu, C.-C. Hong, H.-C. Liang, C.-Y. Tu, and A. Kitoh, 2021: Future changes in the frequency and destructiveness of landfalling tropical cyclones over East Asia projected by high-resolution AGCMs. Earth's Future, 9, e2020EF001888. DOI: 10.1029/2020EF001888.

  • Cai, S., P.-C. Hsu, F. Liu, 2021: Changes in polar amplification in response to increasing warming in CMIP6. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 14, 100043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aosl.2021.100043.

  • Hong, C.-C., C.-H. Tsou, P.-C. Hsu*, K.-C. Chen, H.-C. Liang, H.-H. Hsu, C.-Y. Tu, and A. Kitoh, in press: Future changes in the tropical cyclone intensity and frequency over the western North Pacific based on 20-km HiRAM and MRI Models. J. Climate, 34, 2235–2251. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0417.1.

  • Lei, X., W. Zhang, P.-C. Hsu, and C. Liu, 2021: Distinctive MJO Activity during the boreal winter of 2015/16 Super El Niño in comparison with other super El Niño events. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 38, 555–568. DOI: 10.1007/s00376-020-0261-x.

  • Li W., B. Qiu, W. Guo, and P.-C. Hsu, 2021: Rapid response of the East Asian trough to Tibetan Plateau snow cover. Int. J. Climatol., 41, 251–261. DOI: 10.1002/joc.6618.


  • Hsu, P.-C.*, Y. Qian, Y. Liu, H. Murakami, and Y. Gao, 2020: Role of abnormally enhanced MJO over the Western Pacific in the formation and subseasonal predictability of the record-breaking Northeast Asian heatwave in the summer of 2018. J. Climate, 33, 3333–3349. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0337.1. 

  • Fu, Z., P.-C. Hsu*, and F. Liu, 2020: Factors regulating the multi-decadal changes in MJO amplitude over the twentieth century. J. Climate, 33, 9513–9529. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0111.1

  • Gao, Y., P.-C. Hsu*, L. Chen, L. Wang and T. Li, 2020: Effects of high-frequency surface wind on the intraseasonal SST associated with the Madden-Julian oscillation. Clim. Dyn., 54, 4485–4498. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-020-05239-w.

  • Gao, Y., N. P. Klingaman, C. A. DeMott, and P.-C. Hsu*, 2020: Boreal summer intraseasonal  oscillation  in  a  superparameterized GCM: effects of air-sea coupling and ocean mean state. Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 5191–5209. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-13-5191-2020.

  • Huang, Z., W. Zhang, X. Geng, and P.-C. Hsu, 2020: Accumulated effect of intra-seasonal oscillation convections over the tropical western North Pacific on the meridional location of western Pacific subtropical high. Front. Earth Sci., 8, 579442. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2020.579442.

  • Li, T., J. Ling, and P.-C. Hsu, 2020: Madden-Julian Oscillation: Its discovery, dynamics and impact on East Asia. J. Meteor. Res., 34, 20–42. DOI: 10.1007/s13351-020-9153-3.

  • Li W., B. Qiu, W. Guo, Z. Zhu, and P.-C. Hsu*, 2020: Intraseasonal variability of Tibetan Plateau snow cover. Int. J. Climatol., 40, 3451–3466. DOI: 10.1002/joc.6407.

  • Li W., S. Hu, P.-C. Hsu, W. Guo, and J. Wei, 2020: Systematic bias of Tibetan Plateau snow cover in subseasonal-to-seasonal models. Cryosphere, 14, 3565–3579. DOI: 10.5194/tc-14-3565-2020.

  • Li, Y., F. Liu, and P. C. Hsu, 2020: Modulation of the intraseasonal variability of Pacific–Japan pattern by ENSO. J. Meteor. Res., 34, 546–558. DOI: 10.1007/s13351-020-9182-y.

  • Liu, F., Y. Ouyang, B. Wang, J. Yang, J. Ling, and P.-C. Hsu, 2020: Seasonal evolution of the intraseasonal variability of China summer precipitation. Clim. Dyn., 34, 546–558. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-020-05251-0.

  • Murakami, H.*, T. L. Delworth, W. F. Cooke, M. Zhao, B. Xiang, and P. -C. Hsu*, 2020: Detected climatic change in global distribution of tropical cyclones. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 117, 10706–10714. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1922500117. 【ESI highly cited paper】

  • Qian Y., H. Murakami, P.-C. Hsu*, and S. B. Kapnick, 2020: Effects of anthropogenic forcing and natural variability on the 2018 heatwave in Northeast Asia. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101, S77–S82. DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0156.1.

  • Qian, Y., P.-C. Hsu*, H. Murakami, B. Xiang and L. You, 2020: A hybrid dynamical-statistical model for advancing subseasonal tropical cyclone prediction over the western North Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2020GL090095. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090095.

  • Xie, J., J. Yu, H. Chen, and P.-C. Hsu*, 2020: Sources of subseasonal prediction skill for heatwaves over the Yangtze River Basin revealed from three S2S models. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1435–1450. DOI: 10.1007/s00376-020-0144-1.

  • Zhang, W., X. Zhou, P.-C. Hsu, F. Liu, 2020: Diversity of East China summer rainfall change in post-El Niño summers. Front. Earth Sci., 8, 595548. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2020.595548

  • Zhou, X., P. Ray, B. S. Barrett, and P.-C. Hsu, 2020: Understanding the bias in surface latent and sensible heat fluxes in contemporary AGCMs over tropical oceans. Clim. Dyn., 55, 2957–2978. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-020-05431-y


  • He Z., P.-C. Hsu*, X. Liu, T. Wu, Y. Gao, 2019: Factors limiting the forecast skill of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation in a subseasonal-to-seasonal model. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 36, 104–118. DOI: 10.1007/s00376-018-7242-3.

  • Li Y., T. Li, C. Fu, and P.-C. Hsu, 2019: Near-equatorial tropical cyclone formation in western North Pacific: peak season and controlling parameter, Clim. Dyn., 52, 2765–2773. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4291-3.

  • Liu Y., P.-C. Hsu*, 2019: Long-term changes in wintertime persistent heavy rainfall over southern China contributed by the Madden–Julian Oscillation. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 12, 361–368. DOI: 10.1080/16742834.2019.1639471.

  • Gao, Y., P.-C. Hsu* and T. Li, 2019: Effects of high-frequency activity on latent heat flux of MJO, Clim. Dyn., 52, 1471–1485. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4208-1. 

  • Gao, Y., N. P. Klingaman, C. A. DeMott and P.-C. Hsu, 2019: Diagnosing ocean feedbacks to the BSISO: SST‐modulated surface fluxes and the moist static energy budget. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 124, 146–170. doi: 10.1029/2018JD029303. 

  • Qian Y., P.-C. Hsu* and K. Kikuchi, 2019: New real-time indices for the Quasi-Biweekly Oscillation over the Asian summer monsoon region. Clim. Dyn., 53, 2603–2624. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-019-04644-0. 

  • Qian Y., H. Murakami*, M. Nakano, P.-C. Hsu*, T. L. Delworth, S. B. Kapnick, V. Rammaswamy, T. Mochizuki, Y. Morioka, T. Doi, T. Kataoka, T. Nasuno, and K.Yoshida, 2019: On the mechanisms of the active 2018 tropical cyclone season in the North Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 12293–12302. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL084566.

  • Tan K., P. Huang, F. Liu, H. Murakami, P.-C. Hsu, 2019: Simulated ENSO's impact on tropical cyclone genesis over the western North Pacific in CMIP5 models and its changes under global warming. Int. J. Climatol., 39, 3668–3678.

  • Zhou X., P. Ray, K. Boykin, B. S. Barrett, P.-C. Hsu, 2019: Evaluation of surface radiative fluxes over the tropical oceans in AMIP simulations. Atmosphere, 10, 606. DOI:10.3390/atmos10100606.


  • Hsu, P.-C.*, Z. Fu and T. Xiao, 2018: Energetic processes regulating the strength of MJO circulation over the Maritime Continent during two types of El Niño, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 11, 112–119. DOI: 10.1080/16742834.2018.1399049 

  • Diao Y., T. Li, and P.-C. Hsu, 2018: Influence of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation on extreme temperature events in the Northern Hemisphere, J. Meteor. Res., 32, 534–547. DOI: 10.1007/s13351-018-8031-8.

  • Li, T. and P.-C. Hsu, 2018: Fundamentals of Tropical Climate Dynamics, Springer, 1–229 pp.

  • Li W., W. Guo, B. Qiu, Y. Xue, P.-C. Hsu, J. Wei, 2018: Influence of Tibetan Plateau snow cover on East Asian atmospheric circulation at medium-range time scales, Nature Communications, 9, 4243. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06762-5.

  • Murakami, H., E. Levin, T. Delworth, R. Gudgel, P.-C. Hsu, 2018: Dominant effect of relative tropical Atlantic warming on major hurricane occurrence. Science, 362, 794–+. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat6711.

  • Ni, Y. and P.-C. Hsu*, 2018: Inter-annual variability of global monsoon precipitation in present-day and future warming scenarios based on 33 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 models. Int. J. Climatol., 38, 4875–4890. DOI:10.1002/joc.5704.

  • Zhou, H., P.-C. Hsu* and Y. Qian, 2018: Close linkage between quasi-biweekly oscillation and tropical cyclone intensification over the western North Pacific. Atmos. Sci. Lett., 19:e826. doi: 10.1002/asl.826.


  • Hsu, P.-C.* and T. Xiao, 2017: Differences in the initiation and development of Madden–Julian Oscillation over the Indian Ocean associated with two types of El Niño. J. Climate, 30, 1397–1415. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0336.1.

  • Hsu, P.-C., J-Y Lee, K-J Ha and C-H Tsou, 2017: Influences of boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation on heat waves in monsoon Asia. J. Climate. 30, 7191–7211. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0505.1.

  • Hsu, P.-C.*, T.-H. Lee, C.-H. Tsou, P.-S. Chu, Y. Qian, and M. Bi, 2017: Role of scale interactions in the abrupt change of tropical cyclone in autumn over the western North Pacific. Clim. Dyn. 49, 3175–3192. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3504-x

  • Qian Y., P.-C. Hsu* and C.-H. Cheng, 2017: Changes in surface energy partitioning in China over the past three decades. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 34, 635–649. DOI: 10.1007/s00376-016-6194-8.

  • Lu W. and P.-C. Hsu*, 2017: Factors Controlling the Seasonality of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Dynam. Atmos. Oceans., 78, 106–120. DOI: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2017.04.002.


  • Hsu, P.-C.*, 2016: Global Monsoons in a Changing Climate. Chapter 2 in The Monsoons and Climate Change, Eds L. M. V. Carvalho and C. Jones, Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21650-8

  • Hsu, P.-C.*, J-Y Lee, K-J Ha, 2016: Influence of boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation on rainfall extremes in southern China. Int. J. Climatol., 36, 1403–1412. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4433 

  • Hsu, P.-C.* and Y. Yang, 2016: Contribution of atmospheric internal processes to interannual variability of South Asian summer monsoon. Int. J. Climatol., 36, 2917–2930. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4528

  • Gao Y., P.-C Hsu*, H.-H. Hsu, 2016: Assessments of surface latent heat flux associated with the Madden–Julian Oscillation in reanalyses. Clim. Dyn., 47, 1755–1774. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2931-4

  • Li W., P.-C Hsu*, J. He, Z. Zhu, W. Zhang, 2016: Extended-range forecast of spring rainfall in southern China based on the Madden–Julian Oscillation. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 128, 331–345. DOI: 10.1007/s00703-015-0418-9

  • Li, W., W. Guo, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Xue, 2016: Influence of the Madden–Julian oscillation on Tibetan Plateau snow cover at the intraseasonal time-scale. Sci. Rep., 6, 30456, doi: 10.1038/srep30456.


  • Hsu P.-C.*, T. Li, L. You, J. Gao, and H-L Ren, 2015: A spatial-temporal projection model for 10-30 day rainfall forecast in South China. Clim. Dyn., 44, 1227–1244.  doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2215-4

  • Li T., C. Zhao, P.-C. Hsu, T. Nasuno, 2015: MJO initiation processes over the tropical Indian Ocean during DYNAMO/CINDY2011. J. Climate, 28, 2121–2135.

  • O'Connor C., P.-S. Chu, P.-C. Hsu, K. Kodama, 2015: Variability of Hawaiian winter rainfall during La Nina events since 1956. J. Climate. 28, 7809–7823. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00638.1

  • Zhu Z., T. Li, P.-C. Hsu, J. He, 2015: A spatial-temporal projection model for extended-range forecast in the Tropics. Clim. Dyn., 45, 1085–1098. doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2353-8.


  • Hsu, P.-C.*, P.-S. Chu, H. Murakami, and X. Zhao, 2014: An abrupt decrease in the late-season typhoon activity over the western North Pacific. J. Climate, 27, 4296–4312.

  • Hsu P.-C., T. Li, and H. Murakami, 2014: Moisture asymmetry and MJO eastward propagation in an aqua-planet general circulation model. J. Climate, 27, 8747–8760.

  • Murakami, H., P.-C. Hsu, O. Arakawa, and T. Li, 2014: Influence of model biases on projected future changes in tropical cyclone frequency of occurrence. J. Climate, 27, 2159–2181.

  • Murakami, H., T. Li, and P.-C. Hsu, 2014: Contributing factors to the recent high level of Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) and Power Dissipation Index (PDI) in the North Atlantic. J. Climate, 27, 3023–3034.

  • Tsou C.-H., H.-H. Hsu, P.-C. Hsu, 2014: The role of multi-scale interaction in synoptic-scale eddy kinetic energy over the western North Pacific in autumn. J. Climate, 27, 3750–3766.

  • Tung Y.-S., C.-T. Chen, P.-C. Hsu, 2014: Evolutions of Asian Summer Monsoon in the CMIP3 and CMIP5 models. SOLA, 10, 88–92.

  • Zhao, H., P. -S. Chu, P. -C. Hsu, and H. Murakami, 2014: Exploratory analysis of extremely low tropical cyclone activity during the late-season of 2010 and 1998 over the Western North Pacific and South China Sea. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6, 1141–1153. DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000381.


  • Hsu, P.-C., T. Li, H. Murakami and A. Kitoh, 2013: Future change of the global monsoon revealed from 19 CMIP5 models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 1247–1260.

  • Fu, X., J.-Y. Lee, P.-C. Hsu, H. Taniguchi, B. Wang, W. Wang, and S. Weaver, 2013: Multi-model MJO forecasting during DYNAMO/CINDY period. Clim. Dyn., 41, 1067–1081.


  • Hsu, P.-C., and T. Li, 2012: Role of the boundary layer moisture asymmetry in causing the eastward propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 25, 4914–4931. 

  • Hsu, P.-C., and T. Li, 2012: Is "rich-get-richer" valid for Indian Ocean and Atlantic ITCZ? Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L13705, doi:10.1029/ 2012GL052399. 

  • Hsu, P.-C., T. Li, J.-J. Luo, H. Murakami, A. Kitoh, and M. Zhao, 2012: Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal? Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L06701, doi:10.1029/2012GL051037. 

  • Hsu, P.-C., T. Li, Y.-C. Lin, M.-M. Lu, and J.-Y. Lee, 2012: A spatial-temporal projection method for seasonal prediction of spring rainfall in northern Taiwan. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 90, 179–190. 

2011 & Before

  • Hsu, P.-C., T. Li, and B. Wang, 2011: Trends in global monsoon area and precipitation over the past 30 years. Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L08701, doi:10.1029/2011GL046893.

  • Hsu, P.-C., T. Li, and C.-H. Tsou, 2011: Interactions between boreal summer Intraseasonal oscillations and synoptic-scale disturbances over the western North Pacific. Part I: Energetics diagnosis. J. Climate, 24, 927–941.

  • Hsu, P.-C., and T. Li, 2011: Interactions between boreal summer Intraseasonal oscillations and synoptic-scale disturbances over the western North Pacific. Part II: Apparent heat and moisture sources and eddy momentum transport. J. Climate, 24, 942–961.

  • Fu, X., and P.-C. Hsu, 2011: Extended-range ensemble forecasting of tropical cyclogenesis in the northern Indian Ocean: Modulation of Madden-Julian Oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15803, doi:10.1029/2011GL048249.

  • Hsu, P.-C., C.-H. Tsou, H.-H, Hsu, and J.-H. Chen, 2009: Eddy energy along the tropical storm track in association with ENSO. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan., 87, 687–704.

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Personal Information

Supervisor of Doctorate Candidates

Academic Titles : Professor

Alma Mater : Taiwan Normal University

Education Level : With Certificate of Graduation for Doctorate Study

Degree : Doctoral Degree in Science

School/Department : College of Atmospheric Sciences

Discipline:Atmospheric Sciences

Business Address : Meteorological Building Room 303

Contact Information : pangchi@nuist.edu.cn pangchi.hsu@gmail.com

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